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The Mystery Behind The Missing Capstone of the Great Pyramid of Giza

The Mystery Behind The Missing Capstone of the Great Pyramid of Giza



Everyday scholars discovered new secrets about the Great Pyramid of Giza and until now there are many uncovered secrets that the researchers are studying and researching them.


 The Great Pyramid of Giza, also known as The Pyramid of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. It is the oldest and the largest pyramid of the three pyramids of Giza. in addition to, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World and the only wonder still remaining from them.


The Great Pyramid was the tallest-man made structure in the world for more than 3,800 years until Lincoln Cathedral was finished in 1311 AD. It was built around 2560BCas a tomb to serve the eternal resting for pharaoh Khufu. It was completed in around 20 -year period. 


Initially, the Great Pyramid was 146.5 meters (481). But today after the capstone of the pyramid was missing, the pyramid stands at 138.8 meters high. Its volume is 2,583,283 cubic meters. The ancient Egyptians builders were used 2.3 million stones each 2.5 tons to build the Great Pyramid of Giza.


 The Egyptian builders were used about 5.5 million tons of limestone, 8,000 tons of granite, and 500,00 tons of mortar to build the Great Pyramid of Giza.


The Great Pyramid of Giza was considered the most accurately aligned structure on the world, facing the true north with only 3/60th degree of error. Also, the Great Pyramid of Giza is the only pyramid with eight-sided in existence and the only pyramid in Egypt that has both ascending and descending passages.


When the pyramid completed the builders surfaced the pyramid with highly polished white limestone, which made the pyramid shine like a star. And it is believed that the pyramid reflected the sun rays, so the pyramid was visible from hundreds of kilometers away.  Only a few of these casing stones remain today.


-Missing Apex


Although, the Great Pyramid was a masterpiece of engineering and architecture in Egypt and in the world; there are several enigmas and mysteries related to the Great Pyramid of Giza. one of the largest enigmas is the missing capstone.


Researcher are unable to explain the mystery of:

"Was the Great Pyramid of Giza have a capstone in the past or was it always flat as today?"


No one really know until now if it was ever something on its top or not. There are two theories. Some researchers think that when the pyramid being built, the capstone was the last thing the builders put on the building. And it thought that the capstone of the Great Pyramid was made of gold, as a symbol of power and wealth of the pharaoh. But other researchers suggest that the Great Pyramid was always flat and it didn't have capstone.


All over the years, archeologists and researchers have tried to know what happened to the summit of the pyramid. Was it destroyed? Was it stolen? Or was the summit of the pyramid always flat?  



The summit of the pyramid is remarked by a mast or flagpole that was have been placed there by astronomers in 1874, who were trying to calculate where was the pyramid's apex once the structure was completed.


The Pyramid of Khafre, also has a similar characteristic of the Great Pyramid of Giza.


There aren't any documents that show or mention what the pyramid looked like once completed. It is almost impossible for researchers to conclude what was located on its top. Different theories but finally we all agree that it is a wonder.