the citadel

the citadel

the citadel of salaadin

Your guide will take you in the heart of Islamic cairo to see one of the biggest fortification built by Saladin 1167 AD to fortify Egypt against crusaders it was built on a high hill (Elmoqatam hill ) from there you will have a panoramic view over Cairo you can see the pyramids from there in a clear day it’s a huge fortress consist of many mosques the northern part used to be a residential  area for the rulers you can still see the ruins of Mohamed Ali pasha palace there one of the most important monument there is the mosque of Mohamed Ali who is considered the founder of modern Egypt ruling Egypt from 1805 till his death 1849 his family stayed in power till the last king of Egypt  king farouk 1952 Mohamed Ali mosque at the citadel or the alabaster mosque was completed 1848 this mosque is apiece of art the domes from inside are lavishly decorated and gilded there are a band of inscription in Arabic verses of Quran going. Around the Walls a lot of Marble works in the mosque the minaret of the mosque is pencil shaped referring to the ottoman style .saladdin the Kurdish ruler of Egypt and Syria he is the founder of ayyubid dynasty he fought against the crusades in different battles he succeeded to return back Jerusalem from their hands and other cities he is one of the most famous character in the world he was well known for his courage and respecting the captives .