Sakkara

Sakkara

*Sakkara

Sakkara it’s one of the most important necropolis in Egypt as 16 kings built their tombs there the first pyramids which was made out of stone is the step pyramid of king zoser during the third dynasty (2686.2648) this pyramid consist of 6 mastabas or benches it was like staircase which will enable them to reach to the heaven to be unified with the sun God Ra  there are many tombs for the high officials which is beautifully decorated from inside with colours still intact rap presenting the daily life of the ancient Egyptian like farming fishing slaughtering the animals playing games feeding animals the festival of the heb sed used to take place in the open court in front of the pyramid to renew the king power to show that he is able to reign for another 30 years so it used to take place every 30 years the whole complex used to be surrounded by a wall called inb hdj or the white wall the famous statue of djser which on display at the Egyptian museum was found in the Serdab attached to his pyramid the function of this statue to allow the king to watch the festivals after his death to allow his spirit (Ka) to recognise his body and return back to life again this statue was made out of limestone the pyramid of djoser which was built by his genius engineer imhotep was built above subterranean chambers and the superstructure was enlarged several times this u was made out of limestone  another thing which is very important the pyramids text which inscribed on the inner walls of the pyramids of unease are spells and prayers  during the old kingdom the late fifth dynasty and the beginning of the sixth dynasty  then we had the coffin text  during the middle kingdom  then the book of the dead during the new kingdom